As they did in the Philippine provinces of Northern Luzon and Mindanao, they quickly gained importance in the areas where they settled. Although the United States has no official language, English is the most commonly spoken language within the country, and the explanation for this is very simple. Widespread diaspora of Swedish immigration did not occur until the latter half of the 19th century, bringing in a total of a million Swedes. Interestingly, there are actually 1,526 Niger-Congo languages altogether, though only 12 are represented here. The most notable of these incidents was the 2017 Olathe, Kansas shooting, in which a white supremacist, Adam Purinton, harassed two Telugu immigrants, Srinivas Kuchibhotla and Alok Madasani, under the pretense that Kuchibhotla and Madasani were Iranians or illegal immigrants; later shooting them, killing Kuchibhotla and wounding Madasani as well as Ian Grillot, a white American who had come to the defense of Kuchibhotla and Madasani. After New Amsterdam (formerly a Dutch colony) was transferred to English administration (becoming the Province of New York) in the late 17th century, English supplanted Dutch as the official language. Navajo has struggled to keep a healthy speaker base, although this problem has been alleviated to some extent by extensive education programs in the Navajo Nation, including a Navajo language immersion school in Fort Defiance, Arizona. In addition to Spanish-speaking Hispanic populations, younger generations of non-Hispanics in the United States seem to be learning Spanish in larger numbers due to the growing Hispanic population and increasing popularity of Latin American movies and music performed in the Spanish language. In the US, Spanish is the second most spoken language. Below is an estimate of Native American languages "spoken at home" in the United States (American Community Survey 2006–2008). Why Estimates Need Updating", "Sociolinguistic Aspects of the Black deaf Community", Tagalog in California, Cherokee in Arkansas, Detailed List of Languages Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over by State. Modern Hebrew is spoken by Israeli immigrants. English is the lingua franca of business and academia. Another trade pidgin that may have become a separate language, Plateau Sign Language replaced Plains Sign Talk in the Columbia Plateau and surrounding regions of British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.  However, 32 states of the United States, in some cases as part of what has been called the English-only movement, have adopted legislation granting official status to English. In the U.S. Virgin Islands, English is the only official language. Being greatly outnumbered, director general Peter Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam, with Fort Orange following soon. Although more than 49 million Americans claim they have German ancestors, only 1.24 million Americans speak German at home. Image credit: cybrain/Shutterstock . A 2009 American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the United States Census Bureau, showed that Spanish was spoken at home by over 35 million people aged 5 or older, making the United States the world's fifth-largest Spanish-speaking community, outnumbered only by Mexico, Colombia, Spain, and Argentina.  while Hawaii recognizes both English and Hawaiian as official, and Alaska has made some 20 native languages official, along with English; Instituto Cervantes (Enciclopedia del español en Estados Unidos), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. Chicago's third largest white ethnic groups are those of Polish descent, after German and Irish. Formerly considered critically endangered, Hawaiian is showing signs of language renaissance. . New Amsterdam was renamed New York, Fort Orange was renamed Fort Albany. Another dialectal isolate is that spoken on Tangier Island, Virginia and Smith Island, Maryland, both located toward the southern end of the Chesapeake Bay. Linguistic map of the United States of America, Mid-Atlantic American / Delaware Valley English, North-Central American / Upper Midwestern English, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_the_United_States&oldid=993944172, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2008, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from February 2018, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles needing POV-check from July 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Spoken at home by more than 1,000,000 people. 3. 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