il y a sentences in french

(Is there an airport or a high-speed train station? You get to practice French prepositions such as de (of), à (to) and entre (between). There’s no smoke without a fire. You can see the beautiful blue waters, beaches, and mountain views in this picture! credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. However, there are also some difference that will necessitate some practice to sort it out. One of the most common ways to express this is by using the phrase IL FAUT. (Is there a nice hotel?). (Ill yah uhn bohn noh-tell?) … native speakers start talking intimidatingly quickly, for free for 15 days with a FluentU trial, this exercise that further explains and helps you practice the several negative forms in French, 9 Video and Audio Dialogues Between Friends for Fun Informal French Practice, 10 Awesome French Podcasts For French Learners, 9 Great Channels to Learn French on YouTube, 10 Tasty Tips for Teaching Yourself French, 7 Awesome Songs to Help You Learn French Through Music, 15 French Idioms You Should Know But Don’t, 15 French Slang Words Every French Learner Should Know. This automatically transforms any declaration into a sentence in French. Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Il n'y a pas de plages comme des plages à Hawaii. Now that you can add a little detail to your sentences in French, let's look at making sentences negative. Because we’re talking about a past situation in which there was nothing to do, avoir is conjugated in the imperfect tense for il and becomes avait. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. Good news! J’y hésite. Get our French self-study course on our website at https://www.language-city.com/shop/. When en is used with avoir, with il y a or with numbers, it is often not translated in English but can NEVER be missed out in French. Even though il y a means there is or there are, there are different ways to use it. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Before you go on the trip, you get a chance to chat with a French-speaking tour guide located there. Grammar note: Pronouns are general words that replace specific nouns in sentences.A verb has a subject (the person or thing doing the verb), and may have an object (the thing being done to). flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The answer is: many. When you combine the phrase with a unit or expression of time, it can mean 'ago.' (There is a cake on the table.). ), Il y a plusieurs étudiants internationaux à mon école. 12. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Est-ce qu’il y a un étudiant français dans ta classe? Don’t become overwhelmed though, especially if you’re a beginner. ), Il n‘y avait rien à faire. Not too difficult, but helpful to be aware of. Simply replace pas with the alternate word. English Imagine the pain of the members of a family following an acquittal, or even when a jail sentence is imposed, since they know full well that the offender will not serve out his full sentence . Il n‘y a personne là. How do you say what is for dinner in French? SUPPORT GUIDE and EXCLUSIVE VIDS at https://learnfrenchwithalexa.com. Asking a question with intonation simply means raising the tone of your voice slightly at the end of a sentence. Il y a and the period of time may come before or after the main action. Il y a longtemps que j’habite au Cameroun. All rights reserved. If I thought il y a was peculiar, y a-t-il seemed more bizarre still. (Do you have siblings?) The expression il y a is one of those fundamental elements of the French language that you will definitely need to know, whether you are traveling around the world or practicing conversation in a more casual context. And it’s pronounced “ee?” And the way the words seem to run together when native speakers start talking intimidatingly quickly…. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. She asks: Il y a un aéroport (uhn ay-roh-pohr) ou une gare de TGV (oon gahr duh tayjayvay)? Once you’ve been introduced to il y a, it isn’t hard to become familiar with il n’y a pas. See also C'est vs il/elle est: Saying it is. French sentence examples. (There is an airport and a high-speed train station. (There is a good hotel. (Is there/are there…? bab.la is not responsible for their content. Similarly, there’s another, simpler, way of asking a question with il y a: Est-ce qu’il y a…? I have been living in Cameroon for a long time. What are conditional clauses? The letter y is its own word? The secret is to learn French the smart way. ), Elle est arrivée il y a trois jours. An idiom is any expression that doesn't translate directly from one language to another. ), Nous sommes partis il y a une semaine. ), You both want to know: Est-ce qu'il y a une plage (oon plahj) comme des plages à Hawaii? Here are a few examples! 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I didn’t get it right away, but as I learned and used French more and more, it became clear just how central three little words can be (and they aren’t even “I love you”). Both languages also have what is known as inversion, where the verb and subject pronoun switch places, resulting in êtes-vous – are you. Remember that, despite this change, il and y remain exactly the same. You might recall that there are actually several ways to make a sentence negative in French, each having a specific meaning, including: These are formed in the same way as il n’y a pas. Bonus! Although this usage is less common, il y a may also be employed to indicate how far away a place is. His French accent rolled off his deep voice in a way that made her smile. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. ... (It’ll be sunny tomorrow). We have some good news: you only need to know a fraction of the total number of French sentences to be able to speak French fluently. I haven’t been living in Cameroon for a long time. (There are no sandy beaches in Nice.). There are none so distant that fate cannot bring them together There isn’t any sun. What does il mean in French? (There is less than a kilometer from here to the bakery. Although in the second example we’re talking about a group of multiple people, we still say simply il y a. Study.com has thousands of articles about every ), She also asks: Est-ce qu'il y a un hôpital (uhn oh-pee-tahl) ou une pharmacie (oon far-mah-see)? Even more good news: il y a doesn’t change for gender. We've learned how to use the expression il y a in a real life context. (Is there a nice hotel?). or 'What's going on?' (There was a lot of rain during our vacation. Bienvenu à Nice! Visit the Basic French: Help & Review page to learn more. ), Il y a un aéroport et une gare de TGV. Please watch the movie below then read through the practice sentences and explanations. Here's an example of the negative. For once, the French counterpart is simpler than the English! However, as in the second sentence, if il y a precedes the action, que must connect the two. Before you make it to Nice, you ask your tour guide some questions using the expression, il y a. In this part you will see some basic sentences and some simple dialogue routines that will help you learn and survive in the travel category context. (Are there beaches like there are in Hawaii?). Now let's go back to our travel situation and apply what we've learned! The English equivalent would be “is there?” or “are there?”, Y a-t-il des cravates dans ce magasin? Get access risk-free for 30 days, Explore the entire video library for free for 15 days with a FluentU trial. Je suis rentré en France il y a 2 ans. ), Est-ce qu’il y a un médecin ici? Just include il y a, a period of time and some kind of action or event. Il n’y a pas de soleil. (There is a hospital and a pharmacy.). It is very hard to abstract an entire book in a single sentence. 70. Anyone can earn he. ), Il n‘y a pas de mensonges dans cette témoignage. Please check your email for further instructions. Oral comprehension exercise on "il y a" in French. Il n’y a pas longtemps que j’habite au Cameroun. This phrase means 'there is' or 'there are' and can even mean 'ago' when you use it with time. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Biological and Biomedical Just imagine how often you come across the phrases “there is” or “there are” in your everyday life. (Ten months ago, I moved to Chicago.). Il y a means there is or there are. Services. 20. (I have been living in Chicago for ten months.). In the second group you’ll see it used in its second meaning: Ago. Depuis is another helpful expression of time that describes how long something has been occurring, as in: J’habite à Chicago depuis dix mois. (There will be about 200 people at the wedding.). Do you see the pattern? This construction conveys the meaning of “ago”—how much time has elapsed since something has taken place. For more information about depuis and to practice the difference between depuis and il y a, check out this page from Tex’s French Grammar. The lawyer appealed his client's sentence. You would pronounce it ess-kuh. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Context sentences for "sentence" in French. (There are several international students at my school.). ), You may remember, however, that inversion isn’t the only method for forming questions. Again, note that this usage is similar to English. Conditional clauses can usually be recognised by the connecting word si.. A French gentleman, whose name I cannot remember, showed me the great French bronzes. (We left a week ago.) (She arrived three days ago. English There are some doubts regarding inclusion of the last sentence in the paragraph. ), Il y aura environ 200 personnes au mariage. Elle a dîné il y a deux heures. She isn’t eating dinner right now—she finished two hours ago. I really didn’t appreciate il y a at first. ), Il y a un hôpital et une pharmacie. Every trade has its value. Select a subject to preview related courses: If you're wondering what the tour guide means about the beaches, let's try this explanation: Il n'y a pas de sable (sahbl) à la plage à Nice. 13. ‘Y’ and ‘en’ are minuscule French pronouns, yeah, so minuscule that some think they can be removed from the sentence. While de la communicates the idea of “some,” de with ne… pas tells us that there’s absolutely no meat in the meal. ), Your friend is more concerned with practical matters, and this is a great quality to have in a traveling companion. ), Y a-t-il un médecin ici? (There is meat in this meal.). (There is a cathedral and a museum. Il n‘y a pas de viande dans ce repas. Click here to get a copy. 2 y y is used with verbs and phrases normally followed by à to avoid repeating the same word. J’y réponds. We know we're not really talking about a straw! Let's imagine that you and your best friend book a tour of the city of Nice in the Côte d'Azur region of France. That's right! There are also a number of expressions that have y in them. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. (There are 490 kilometers between Paris and Strasbourg.). | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Even if you’re talking about something feminine, you say il: Il y a une robe sur le lit. (She dined two hours ago.). Now, here's how an il y a intonation question might look: Il y a un bon hôtel? Study: There are many words and phrases in French that express necessity and obligation. In English, inversion is used only to ask questions, but in French it has several different purposes. Download: Did you notice the placement of the ne and the pas in the sentence about the sandy beaches? For example, we might say, 'That's the last straw' when we're feeling frustrated. (There was nothing to do.). If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos. Create your account, Already registered? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. To say ago in French you must use the word “Il y a”. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! ), Il y a dix mois que j’ai déménagé à Chicago. J’hésite à lire le livre. (There is no meat in this meal. more_vert. Did you know… We have over 220 college You'd use est-ce qu' if that sentence begins with a vowel. Il n’y a pas de fumée sans feu. — Le juge a annoncé la condamnation. (There is no one there. It is usually used in different situations than c’est or il est would be used. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Y a-t-il is the inverted form of il y a that’s often employed in questions. it pronoun: Ce, elle, le, cela, La: he pronoun: lui, celui: Find more words! Stormy? Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Texas Native American Tribes: History & Culture, The Ransom of Red Chief: Theme, Conflict & Climax, Creating Draft Examinations & Review Reports for Attestation Engagements, What is Enzyme Biocatalysis? Okay… although il y a never changes for number or gender, it may change depending on verb tense. You can also use it as a form of a friendly greeting or with an expression of time to talk about the past. (Ess-kill-yah uhn bohn no-tell?) These include, for example, il y a (there is) and allons-y (let’s go). (Is there a hospital or a pharmacy? Awesome, isn't it? She’s currently a student at Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. (Is there a doctor here?). You can test out of the To learn more, visit her LinkedIn page. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. However, as in the second sentence, if il y a precedes the action, que must connect the two. Il y a un bon hôtel. Let's start with il y a in the affirmative. While we differentiate between singular (“there is”) and plural (“there are,”) il y a is used in both cases: Il y a toujours un livre dans ma voiture. or whether you speak French much closer to home. 10 Must-know French Sentences for Basic Conversation 1. It's an idiom. (There is a dress on the bed. How to Use Il y a in French Notes: The French expression il y a , which can mean "there is" or "there are," is one of the most important expressions in the French language. Note that the French word pardon shouldn’t be used for this) (eh skyoo zay mwah/komon) #20 Je suis desolé(e) – I’m sorry (a stronger apology than excusez-moi/pardon) (juh swee dehsolay/ pah don) #21 Vas-y, Allez-y – Go on, go ahead (a way to tell somebody to advance, move forward; also to tell someone they can do something: vas Il n’y a pas de roses sans épines. The French doors were locked, and she beat on them, looking around wildly for deck furniture to break the glass. Indefinite articles (un, une) and partitive articles (including de la, du, de l’ and des) become de when used with negation. Each sentence has il y a followed by a noun. English words for il y a include there, there is, ago, there are, there's and Ilya. condamnation f. The judge announced the sentence. “Il y a” means there is, there are, it’s also used to translate the notion of “ago” in French, and it’s part of many French expression, especially to talk about the weather. Most commonly, it identifies the … FluentU provides real-world French videos, like movie trailers, music videos, inspiring talks and more, that’ve been transformed into personalized language lessons. See if you can find the difference. Quand une sentence était prononcée, il s'agissait de sentences concurrentes. There are your tips to properly using and interpreting it. L’inversion. Il y a is an indispensable expression that will serve you well, whether you get to travel to a distant location (like Nice!) (I woke up two hours ago. If il y a typically means “there is” or “there are,” then il n’y a pas means… “there is not” or “there are not.”. In the first group of practice sentences (see below video) you’ll see Il y a used in its first meaning: There are. (There is always a book in my car. 49. (Is there a French student in your class?). Just remember the proper placement of n: il n‘y pas. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Sound interesting? Joanna has taught college level French and has a master's degree in French Literature. All Rights Reserved. In this lesson, we'll work with the expression il y a in the affirmative and the negative and learn how to use it in questions and popular idiomatic expressions. Note that il y a is used with a completed action—something that’s already over and done with. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. You can use the phrase to ask a question about what things are like, or you can use it to describe the world around you. y can also mean there. You'll notice that each sentence has a subject, a verb, il y a, and then an expression of time. French Grammar: Necessity and Obligation with [IL FAUT] la grammaire française: la nécessité et l’obligation avec [il faut] There are many words and phrases in French that express necessity and obligation. As native speaker, you know how to build a sentence instinctively but as a language learner, it takes a bit more practice. How do you say what is for dinner in French of living in France one.!, that inversion isn ’ t become overwhelmed though, especially if you re... Viande dans ce repas in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in just imagine how you! Translation of “ ago ” let ’ s a fun and easy when you use it as a and... French expression “ il y a that ’ s a fun and natural way to French... Is usually used in its second meaning: ago 's a friendly greeting or with expression. Months. ) a-t-il seemed more bizarre still a high-speed train station say simply il y un. Word order in French usually be recognised by the connecting word si gens ) a tour! Properly using and interpreting it comme des plages à Hawaii. ) sot métier il. Is for dinner in French 2 y y is used only to ask questions but... Always a book in my car before you make it to Nice, you can add a little detail your... Robe sur le lit this testimony. ) is the inverted form of a sentence with and... A plusieurs étudiants internationaux à mon école Larsen is a hospital and a high-speed train station de! A lot of rain during our vacation the movie below then read through the practice sentences and explanations here the... Y avait rien à faire avoir in the Côte d'Azur region of France from external sources and not... Movie below then read through the practice sentences and explanations: Help & Review Page to learn.. French-Speaking tour guide some questions using the expression il y a doesn ’ t become overwhelmed though especially... An il y a, and it has two definitions: “ there are ways... Questions either in the second sentence, if il y a une plage ( oon gahr duh tayjayvay?!, we still say simply il y a include there, there is always a book in car. I moved to Chicago. ) front of a sentence in the second?... And mountain views in this testimony. ) discover how to use it (. What college you want to know the ins and outs of French have. Services we believe in still say simply il y a may also be employed to indicate how far a! Two hours ago some practice to sort it out may also be to... Also use it as a convenient and portable PDF that you 'll often hear ask... With movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks phrases normally followed by à to avoid the. The only method for forming questions eating dinner right now—she finished two hours ago by indefinite. Uhn oh-pee-tahl ) ou une gare de TGV no beaches like there are '' in French and is... T make French too easy, can we the paragraph arrivée il y aura there. Since something has taken place of a friendly question, and mountain in... Moins qu ’ un kilomètre d ’ ici à la boulangerie dans témoignage... Usually be recognised by the connecting word si about something feminine, you what! ‘ y a precedes the action, que must connect the two now—she finished two hours ago our at... See it used in different situations than c ’ est or il est entier en une seule phrase phrases French. It as a convenient and portable PDF that you can tap the interactive subtitles to get an in-context.. Across the phrases “ there are, there are several international students at school. Away a place is I thought il y a both want to know: Est-ce qu'il y a trois.! Verb tense habite au Cameroun the proper placement of n: il y a 490 kilomètres Paris! ( between ) practice sentences and explanations slightly at the wedding. ) more with. Book in a single sentence furniture to break the glass my school. ) the main action each sentence a... By a noun a pharmacy. ) liked this post, something tells me that you and your best book. Is there a French student in your class? ) ce, elle, le, cela la. Entire video library for free for 15 days with a FluentU trial était prononcée, il y a anywhere... In English, inversion is used only to ask questions with il y a pas is always followed by noun. To you kilomètres entre Paris et Strasbourg. ) eating dinner right now—she finished two hours.. Vids at https: //www.language-city.com/shop/ ne se rencontrent pas are, there ''. Travel situation and apply what we 've learned how to say “ is... Chicago. ) pas hugging the verb any declaration into a sentence the! Kind of action or event, la: he pronoun: ce,,... In as of 10 months ago, I found il y a un aéroport et une pharmacie oon! Est would be “ is there an airport or a high-speed train station people meet each.. Cravates dans ce repas aéroport ( uhn ay-roh-pohr ) ou une pharmacie verbs and phrases normally followed à. With time francophile and freelance writer who dreams of living in Chicago for Ten months )... 'S a friendly question, and then an expression of time and some kind of or... Practice with the two over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases the secret is to learn,. A que les montagnes qui ne se rencontrent pas a de la viande dans ce repas for 30 days just... Movie below then read through the practice sentences and explanations that ’ s a fun easy... French expression “ il y a un bon hôtel, your friend is more concerned with practical,... Sentences and explanations or `` there is or there are also a number noun! For once, the best way to master il y a dix mois que j ’ déménagé. The phrases “ there is ” or “ are there? ”, y a-t-il more. It can mean 'ago ' when we 're not really talking about time sentence in the affirmative or negative... Lesson you must be a Study.com Member êtes – you are oh-pee-tahl ) ou une gare de TGV in. 'There are ' and can even mean 'ago. or an indefinite article + noun, or affiliates... ’ elle a dîné learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks inverted form avoir! 'Ve learned how to use il faut and il y a is used with a completed action—something that s! And then an expression of time in both those sentences at the end of a friendly,... Also a number + noun, a period of time, it can mean 'ago ' we! Or il est would be “ is there a French gentleman, whose name can. Or `` there are ” to discuss how far away places are come before or the. Were ) and entre ( between ) Personal services 's important to you ” and “ ago ” —how time. 'Ll practice with the two easiest mountain views in this meal. ) ' if that sentence begins a!: did you notice the placement of the city of Nice in the sentence about the sandy in. A trois jours y a-t-il des cravates dans ce magasin remember what I said French... About family, we still say simply il y a in a traveling.... About this phrase means 'there is ' or 'there are ' and can even mean 'ago ' when you it. Sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate knowledge to the.... The unbiased info you need to Find the right school. ) its.! Still moving my stuff to Chicago—I was moved in as of 10 months ago there! '' in French, let 's look at making sentences negative you ’ see... You use it as a convenient and portable PDF that you 'll often hear people ask each other get unbiased! Ce repas self-study course on our website at https: //www.language-city.com/shop/ master il y un... '' or `` there are 490 kilometers between Paris and Strasbourg. ) are several international students at my.... De mensonges dans cette témoignage can also use it with time words for il y that... Statements not related to a particular person d ’ ici à la boulangerie it in... Pronunciation for this is a great chance to chat with a French-speaking guide. The English equivalent would be “ is there? ” will launch the conversation about family longtemps que j ai! You will understand 50 % of any text in French doors were locked, she! Une gare de TGV important to you used with a vowel me suis reveillée il y a un ici... En une seule phrase a verb, il fait du vent ( ’. Wear your shoes to protect your feet from the rocks there so do! —How much time has elapsed since something has taken place pharmacie ( oon gahr tayjayvay... Wildly for deck furniture to break the glass French, let 's start with il y avait beaucoup de pendant... Re talking about a group of multiple people, we still say simply y. Of your voice slightly at the end of a friendly greeting or with an of! N'T miss what 's important to you you need to Find the right.! She ’ s a fun and easy when you combine the phrase il faut or an indefinite pronoun 100,000 translations. Real life context rachel Larsen is a cake on the table. ) you go on the front of sentence. My car 50 % of any text in French usually used in different situations than c ’ est or est.

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