Alternatively, the Biden administration could consider re-entering the treaty on the basis of an executive agreement that may have been approved by simple majorities in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Such a mechanism would require the agreement of the other 33 contracting parties. I hope the Russians would not choose to be cheerleaders. This treaty is not related to the open skies agreements of civil aviation.  Thirty-four years later, U.S. President George H.W. Bush reintroduced the concept of “open skies” to build trust and security between all the countries of the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact. In February 1990, an open-air international conference opened in Ottawa, Canada, with the participation of all NATO Pact and Warsaw Pact countries. Rounds of negotiations were then held in Budapest, Hungary; Vienna, Austria; Helsinki, Finland.
 Since 2002, 40 missions have been organized over the United Kingdom. There were 24 quota missions carried out by: Russia – 20; Ukraine – three; and Sweden – one. There were 16 training flights from: Benelux (jointly with Estonia); Estonia (in conjunction with the Benelux); Georgia – three (a commune with Sweden); Sweden – three (a commune with Georgia); United States – three; Latvia; Lithuania; Romania; Slovenia; Yugoslavia.  Also since 2002, the United Kingdom has carried out a total of 51 open-air missions – 38 quota missions in the following countries: Ukraine (five); Georgia (seven) and Russia (26); 13 missions were training missions in the following nations: Bulgaria; Yugoslavia; Estonia; Slovenia (three); Sweden (three); United States; Latvia, Lithuania and Benelux. Flights cost approximately $50,000 per mission and approximately $25,000 for training missions with approximately $175,000 per year.  The “open skies” agreement between the EU and the United States is an open skies agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States. The agreement allows any Airline of the European Union and any airline of the United States to fly between every point of the European Union and any point of the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to travel to another country after their first stop (fifth freedom). Since the EU is not considered a single zone within the meaning of the agreement, this in practice means that US airlines can fly between two points in the EU as long as this flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (.
B for example, New York – London – Berlin). EU airlines can also fly between the US and third countries that are part of the common European airspace, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can fly all-cargo under the 7th Freedom Rights, which means that all-cargo flights by US airlines can be operated by an EU country to any other EU country and all-cargo flights can be operated by EU airlines between the US and any other country.  Norway and Iceland joined the agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as THE EU airlines.  The contract disappointed European airlines because they felt chosen for US airlines: while US airlines are allowed to operate domestic-EU flights (when it is an all-cargo flight or a passenger flight, if this is the second leg of a flight launched in the United States), European airlines are not allowed to fly in-house or acquire a controlling interest in a U.S. operator.  The agreement replaced and replaced the old open skies agreements between the United States and some European countries.